Botanica journal


ISSN 2538-8649 (print)

ISSN 25538-8657 (online)

Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Zigmantas Gudžinskas


Botanica (formerly Botanica Lithuanica ISSN 2029-932X) is Nature Research Centre's international periodical scientific journal established by the then Institute of Botany in 1995. Since 2012, Botanica is an open access journal published in the English language twice a year.

Botanica publishes original research and review articles, short communications, commentaries, and information in the fields of botany and ecology (biomedical sciences), including algology, bryology, lichenology, plant physiology, phytocenology, systematics and taxonomy of plants and fungi, including phytoviruses, as well as basic botany, economic botany and conservation of botanical diversity. Manuscripts are subject to review by at least two anonymous referees from Lithuania and foreign countries; other contributions are reviewed by editors. About 50 percent of manuscripts are rejected. To ensure that the content of papers published in BOTANICA is original, all manuscripts are checked through the CrossCheck System. CrossCheck allows detecting plagiarism and ensure the originality and high quality of articles published.

All articles are peer reviewed by two experts.

The journal does not have article processing and article submission charges.

Rejection Rate approximately 30%

Journal Metrics 

Cite Score 1.3 

SCImago Journal Rank 0.141 

Source Normalized Impact per Paper 0.593 

Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Zigmantas Gudžinskas


Nature Research Centre

Akademijos Str. 2, LT-08412 Vilnius, Lithuania

Tel. no. +370 (5) 272 92 57



Zigmantas Gudžinskas

Nature Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania

Web of Science Researcher ID ABD-1843-2020

Scopus Author ID 15919286200

Editorial Board

Kevin Cianfaglione

University of Lorraine, Metz, France

Web of Science Researcher ID AAL-8874-2020

Scopus Author ID 55645730000


Matej Dudáš

University of Pavol Jozef Šafárik, Košice, Slovakia

Scopus Author ID 55975933900


Gabriele Galasso

Museum of Natural History of Milan, Milan, Italy

Scopus Author ID 35763704900


Marija Gligora Udovič

University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia

Web of Science Researcher ID AAK-7730-2021

Scopus Author ID 13605503200


Martin Kukwa

University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland

Web of Science Researcher ID X-9510-2019

Scopus Author ID 6603490036


Sergei L. Mosyakin

M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, Kyiv, Ukraine

Web of Science Researcher ID L-9984-2019

Scopus Author ID 6602922742


Jurga Motiejūnaitė

Nature Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania

Scopus Author ID 8934879200


Olha Mykhailenko

National University of Pharmacy, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Web of Science Researcher ID AAH-9238-2019

Scopus Author ID 57191992571


Dávid U. Nagy

Martin-Luther-University Halle, Halle (Saale), Germany

Web of Science Researcher ID N-8697-2019

Scopus Author ID 56414387600


Robert Pal

Montana Technological University, Montana, USA


Artur Pliszko

Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland

Web of Science Researcher ID 0-8652-2018

Scopus Author ID 55340376300


Alexey D. Potemkin

Komarov Botanical Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia

Web of Science Researcher ID I-5467-2015

Scopus Author ID 7004558133


Chayakorn Pumas

Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Web of Science Researcher ID ABA-7314-2021

Scopus Author ID 36992486900


Alexander N. Sennikov

University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Web of Science Researcher ID AAX-5035-2020

Scopus Author ID 57188534941


Iskren G. Sergiev

Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics, Sofia, Bulgaria

Scopus Author ID 6603230596


Filip Verloove

Meise Botanic Garden, Meise, Belgium

Scopus Author ID 56044794900


 Subject Editors

Ilona Jukonienė

Nature Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania

Bryology, conservation biology, plant ecology, wetland vegetation


Sigita Jurkonienė

Nature Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania

Web of Science Researcher ID H-2649-2014

Scopus Author ID 6603128144

Cell biology, ecotoxicology, plant ecophysiology, plant physiology


Birutė Karpavičienė

Nature Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania

Web of Science Researcher ID ABG-1519-2021

Scopus Author ID 22985270000

Economic botany, plant morphology, plant anatomy


Judita Koreivienė

Nature Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania

Fundamental and applied algology


AGRICOLA (National Agricultural Library)

Baidu Scholar

CABI (over 50 subsections)

CNKI Scholar (China National Knowledge Infrastructure)



EBSCO (relevant databases)

EBSCO Discovery Service

Google Scholar

Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST)




KESLI-NDSL (Korean National Discovery for Science Leaders)


Naver Academic

Naviga (Softweco)

Primo Central (ExLibris)


QOAM (Quality Open Access Market)


Referativnyi Zhurnal (VINITI)

SCImago (SJR)


Semantic Scholar


Summon (ProQuest)


Ulrich's Periodicals Directory/ulrichsweb

WanFang Data

Web of Science - Biological Abstracts

Web of Science - BIOSIS Previews

WorldCat (OCLC)

Copyright. Scanned signed copy of Open Access License should be submitted with the manuscript or sent to the journal during the submission process. The author(-s) signing an Open Access License grants that all copyrights remain with authors and gives the publisher permission to publish the manuscript. Electronic copy of published paper can be distributed for non-commercial purposes without limitations.

Examples of the references

Regular journal article

Dana E.D., Verloove F., Alves P., Heiden G., 2021: Senecio brasiliensis (Spreng.) Less. (Asteraceae), another potentially invasive alien species in Europe. – BioInvasions Records, 10(3): 521–536.

EPPO, 2020: PM 9/9 (2) Heracleum mantegazzianum,  H. sosnowskyi  and  H. persicum.  – EPPO Bulletin, 50(3): 515–524.

For articles with more than 20 authors:

Chytrý M., Hennekens S.M., Jiménez-Alfaro B., Knollová I., Dengler J. et al., 2016: European Vegetation Archive (EVA): An integrated database of European vegetation plots. – Applied Vegetation Science, 19(1): 173–180.

Publications in a non-Latin script:

Shevchyk V.L., Shevchyk T.V., 2019: [Phytocenotic characteristics of plant communities with Amorpha fruticosa (Fabaceae) in the Middle Dnipro area (Ukraine)]. – Ukrainian Botanical Journal, 76(1): 42–51.

Article in press

Badalamenti E., 2021: First record of Heptapleurum arboricola Hayata (Araliaceae) as a casual non-native woody plant in the Mediterranean area. – BioInvasions Records, 10 (in press).

Book, authored

Stuessy T.F., 2009: Plant Taxonomy. The Systematic Evaluation of Compatative Data (2nd ed.). New York.

Book, edited

Pyšek P., Cock M.J.W., Nentwig W., Ravn H.P. (eds), 2007: Ecology and Management of Giant Hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum). Wallingford. 

Book articles

Thiele J., Otte A., 2007: Impact of Heracleum mantegazzianum on invaded vegetation and human activities. – In: Pyšek P., Cock M.J.W., Nentwig W., Ravn H.P. (eds), Ecology and Management of Giant Hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum): 144–156. Wallingford. 

Conference proceedings and article in conference proceedings book

Kühn I., 2017: Modelling plant invasions: the role of climate, traits and socioeconomy. – In: Máguas C., Crous C., Costa C. (eds), Ecology and Management of Alien Plant Invasions. Syntheses, Challenges and New Opportunities. 4–7 September 2017, Lisboa, Portugal. Book of Abstracts: 36. Lisboa. 

Máguas C., Crous C., Costa C. (eds), 2017: Ecology and Management of Alien Plant Invasions. Syntheses, Challenges and New Opportunities. 4–7 September 2017, Lisboa, Portugal. Book of Abstracts. Lisboa.

Reports and other technical documents

By author:

Smeets E., Weterings R., 1999: Environmental Indicators: Typology and Overview. EEA Technical report No 25. European Environment Agency. 

By institutional author:

European Commission, 2017: Invasive Alien Species of Union Concern. Luxembourg.

Legal acts

CIR, 2017: Commission implementing regulation (EU) 2017/1263 of 12 July 2017 updating the list of invasive alien species of Union concern established by Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1141 pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council. – Official Journal of the European Union, L182: 37.

European Community, 2000: Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy. – Official Journal of the European Communities, L327: 1–72.

Įstatymas, 2020: Lietuvos Respublikos laukinių augalų ir grybų įstatymas. – Teisės aktų registras, Nr. 21145. 


Rijal D.P., 2015: Invasive Heracleum in northern Europe: Introduction history and impact on native plant diversity. A dissertation for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor. University of Tromsø. Tromsø. 

Web sites and online databases

Kirschner J., Štepánek J., Greuter W., 2007: Taraxacum. – In: Greuter W., Raab-Straube E. von (eds), Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase – the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. [accessed 15 December 2021].

IPNI, 2021: International Plant Name Index. [accessed 15 December 2021].


Submitted manuscript should report the results of original research. The material should not have previously been published elsewhere and is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere. The manuscript should be correctly written in English.

All submitted manuscripts are critically reviewed by at least two anonymous experts of corresponding subject. Reviewers' comments will be sent to the corresponding author. Any corrections suggested by the reviewers should be made within the period of time indicated by editor. If the manuscript is potentially acceptable for publication, but needs to be improved, it is invited for reconsideration, taking full account of the reviewers' suggestions. If the paper is accepted after major revisions, it will be re-submitted again for peer review to the same referees.

After a second review, a final decision concerning publication of the paper is taken by the Editor-in-Chief. All accepted manuscripts are English edited before publication. The corresponding author will be notified about the manuscript’s progress through the editorial process.

Manuscripts prepared contrary to the guidelines will be rejected prior to the reviewing process.

The structure of the paper 

Title (preferably not exceeding 100 characters) should be concise  and should reflect the content of the paper.

Author names and affiliations. Indicate full name(-s) and family name(-s) of author(-s);

Present the authors' affiliation addresses below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lowercase after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact e-mail address.

Abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. The abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

Keywords after the abstract in alphabetical order provide maximum of 10 keywords.

The main text should be subdivided if possible as follows: introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion or results and discussion, acknowledgements, references, summary in Lithuanian (summary of foreign authors will be translated by the editors).

The structure of the short note Title full name(-s) and family name(-s) of author(-s); full affiliation addresses and e-mail address of corresponding author; abstract; keywords; main text (preferably not subdivided); references. Contributions not exceeding 5100 characters (with spaces) or 3.5 standard pages (including illustrations) are treated as short notes.

The structure of the review Title and authors of the reviewed publication; full bibliography of the reviewed publication; text; references (if necessary); full name(-s) and family name(-s) of author(-s) of the review; full affiliation address of corresponding author.

Manuscript preparation Submit an electronic version in Word file document (.docx or .doc) format. Provide margins of at least 3 cm on both sides and 2.5 cm on top and bottom. Double space all material (except tables).

The title of the paper should be printed in CAPITALS. The names of the cited authors in the text and references should be printed in Small Caps. The words at the end of lines should not be divided. Text should be justified but not centered, including titles as well as headings and subheadings.

Tables should be numbered in order of appearance in the text. Titles (only titles!) of tables should be placed in an appropriate place of the text, and tables with their titles should be placed after the text. The line of a table should not exceed 80 characters. Landscape tables are not accepted.

Titles (only titles!) of figures should be inserted in an appropriate place in the text. All figures, i.e. black and white line drawings, maps, graphs or diagrams (preferably 120 × 160 mm, not larger than 200 × 250 mm) with their titles should be inserted at the end of manuscript. Lettering and all figure components must be sufficiently clear to permit severe reduction without loss of clarity. All illustrations must be numbered consequently using Arabic numerals.

The author(-s) of all taxa (from family rank and lower) and syntaxa names should be indicated when first time mentioned in the text. Use “et” between double authors in scientific plant or syntaxa names and use “et al.” for multiple (three or more) co-authors, except names of syntaxa where all co-authors should be indicated. All names of taxa and syntaxa should be printed in italic type.

A space must always follow after a period, colon, semicolon or comma (except within numerals and standard abbreviations such as e.g., i.e., i.a. and l.c. as well as within initials or initial and surname): 2: 50” not “2:50”; “W.Koch” not “W. Koch”; “Besser W.S.J.G.” not “Besser W. S. J. G.” 

The list of references should include all items cited in the text. If there are more than two authors of the cited publication, in the text the first one should be given with indication “et al.” In references all the authors should be indicated. References in the text are to be cited with author(-s) and year. Examples: ...has been investigated by Sukopp (1998), Bücker & Dirk (1998) and Child et al. (1998)... or...(Sukopp,1998; Bücker & Dirk, 1998; Child et al., 1998).

Complete titles of journals and other periodicals should be given in the list. Publications printed using Latin characters should be cited in the original. Title published using Cyrillic or other alphabet should be transliterated into Latin characters.

Only Times New Roman or other Times group 12 pt fonts should be used. When special characters are necessary, other fonts can be used, however, font names and character codes should be explained on separate sheet. Computer produced illustrations should be additionally submitted in original files. Electronic versions of scanned figures (as *.tif or *.jpg files) must be with minimum resolution of 300 dpi (600 dpi is recommended). All paper must be in a single file (except originals of illustrations). Within 10 days author should read and return proof sheet to the editorial staff. If the editorial staff does not receive the proof sheet in due time, the paper will be published without final approval of the author.

Editorial Policy 

By submitting a contribution for publication together with signed Manuscript Submission Form, authors tacitly agree (1) not to submit the same manuscript to another journal, and (2) to inform editors in written form about the intention to withdraw paper from publication (not later than 15 days after reception of the reviews). Authors are entirely responsible for the statements, whether fact or opinion.

Manuscripts are submitted to the Plagiarism Prevention check system, in order to ensure that the content published is original. Similarity check allows for comprehensive manuscripts screening with vast database of web pages and academic publications. Manuscripts judged to be plagiarised or self-plagiarised will not be considered for publication. 

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