Elisaveta Kirova, Maria Geneva, Maria Petrova, Kamelia Miladinova-Georgieva, Mariana Sichanova

Employment of nanoparticles for improvement of plant growth and development

Abstract Nanotechnology, with its research and results, has become one of the essential fields among scientific disciplines. Nanotechnology is used in many areas of science such as physics, chemistry, pharmacology, materials science, medicine and agriculture. The use of nanotechnology could provide breakthroughs that would revolutionise many scientific studies. The role of nanoparticles in plant nutrition under soil pollution represents a comprehensive overview of nanotechnology in agriculture related to the importance, recycling, and transformation of nanoparticles. Nanomaterials are used in plant protection, nutrition, and the management of agricultural practices. The new challenges nanotechnology faces today include using biological or green synthesis methods to produce nanoparticles and offset the toxicity of conventionally integrated nanoparticles. The efficiency of nanoparticle uptake and the effects of nanoparticles on growth and metabolic functions differ between plant species. The concentration of nanoparticles affects processes such as germination and plant growth and development. The agriculture sector has also profited from various nanotechnology-based products such as nanofertilisers, nanopesticides, nanogrowth promoters, and many more for sustainable agriculture and crop improvement.

Doi https://doi.org/10.35513/Botlit.2022.2.4

Keywords crops, nanocomposites, nanomaterials, nanopesticides, yield

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